The history of accounting is thousands of years old and can be traced to ancient civilizations.[12][13][14] The early development of accounting dates back to ancient Mesopotamia, and is closely related to developments in writing, counting and money;[12] there is also evidence of early forms of bookkeeping in ancient Iran,[15][16] and early auditing systems by the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians.[13] By the time of Emperor Augustus, the Roman government had access to detailed financial information.[17]
When I initially spoke with Melody, I explained my tax situation with brevity and enough detail. She assured me she would be able to handle it for $225 in total, the negotiated price for both my relative and myself. Four days later, I spoke with her business partner explaining what I believed to be an error with another tax preparer whom my relative had found. Daniel told me in order to amend the taxes, I would need to send all documentation and they’d file an extension with a rate of $225, just as Melody had verbally quoted prior. He proceeded to tell me that “Melody goes over the taxes with a fine tooth comb” and that they have even met clients at a halfway point to show their utmost level of care and diligence with all taxes prepared. Later that night I forwarded all the necessary documentation over to Daniel. He replied at first back stating in actuality that they’d be “charging $100 for self employment income” due to the fact that on “Thumbtack is marked “Not self-employed”. That’s your justification? I seem to vividly remember telling Melody I had carryover losses and her mentioning she’d need to look into it. I wrote “not self employed” due to the fact that I’m NOT SELF EMPLOYED. That was from five years ago. Furthermore, regarding payment Melody specifically stated on my initial Thumbtack call that all work is completed upfront and payment is due upon filing. The petulant email from Daniel now stated moreover that there would be a $100 upfront fee to even begin work on the taxes. Only four minutes after this email Daniel sent another. This time it was regarding Melody and her rather abrupt “illness” never before even hinted at. Due to the “illness” she would “no longer be taking on new tax clients at this time” but he offered me an extension exactly 36 hours before the tax deadline. See they really do have your best interest at heart. I’d like to add that this esteemed company sent me belligerent private messages (much more hostile than the public one shown below) after I left a 1 star rating with no review in an attempt to shame and belittle me for how virtuous and holy they make themselves out to be. They left me with no time to spare and want to send a harassing message at 12:00 am about how I was “deceptive” and owe them. Get off your high horse and get in touch with reality. The circle of insanity is alive and well here. Do yourself a favor and keep looking. You deserve better than to play Twister with someone who expects your to pay $250 for less than an hours worth of work. Find a CPA who values and respects you and your time. It sure as hell isn't Houston Bookkeeping.

Navigating through all the details involved with tax preparation can be a difficult task for any business owner. Ease your tax burden with the help of a professional throughout the year. Franklin P. Sparkman can help businesses minimize their tax liability while also deferring expenses and income that could enable business to pay less in taxes. A reduction in annual income taxes is also a positive for any business as Franklin P. Sparkman continues to assist the following businesses:
Tax credits are extremely valuable breaks for taxpayers. Credits lead to a greater reduction in tax than deductions because they are directly applied to your tax bill in a dollar-for-dollar manner. For instance, a $1,000 credit would cut your tax bill by $1,000, but a $1,000 deduction would reduce your taxes by less than $1,000 -- more specifically, typically somewhere between $100 and $370 under current tax law. In particular, the following tax credits are among the most common and can produce significant savings. 
Look for a bank that has a local branch as well as robust online banking. Also, be sure the bank can integrate with your point-of-sale (POS) system and other technological needs. Business bank accounts typically charge more than personal accounts and often have a higher minimum balance. Check these numbers before committing to a bank and a business account.
There are tax credits for college expenses, for saving for retirement, for adopting children, and for childcare expenses, you might pay so you can go to work. The Child Tax Credit is worth up to $2,000 for each of your children under age 17 subject to income restrictions, and the Earned Income Credit (EITC) can put some money back into the pockets of lower-income taxpayers. 
The only changes to the income tax brackets for 2020 reflected the usual yearly inflation adjustments to the income amounts for each bracket. Apart from that, you can expect the same basic structure as 2019, with the same seven tax rates applying to the various brackets. The actual income amounts of the brackets depend on your tax filing status. Accordingly, you'll see five sets of 2019 tax brackets below.
According to the University of Ohio, there are four types of accounting. Within each of these four major categories there are multiple specialities. For example, corporate accounting may be divided into for-profit and nonprofit accounting. Public accountants may provide auditing services or specialize in tax accounting. Government accounting may refer to employees of the IRS (who examine tax returns) or to local accounting departments who manage town, county, or state budgets. 
Financial accounting focuses on the reporting of an organization's financial information to external users of the information, such as investors, potential investors and creditors. It calculates and records business transactions and prepares financial statements for the external users in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).[7] GAAP, in turn, arises from the wide agreement between accounting theory and practice, and change over time to meet the needs of decision-makers.[1]
One key tax planning strategy is to keep track of your itemized expenses throughout the year using a spreadsheet or personal finance program. You can then quickly compare your itemized expenses with your standard deduction. You should always take the higher of your standard deduction or your itemized deduction to avoid paying taxes on more income than you have to.

There is a sort of distrust between the tax authorities on one side and business or professional community on the other. The income tax department thinks that the taxpayers sometimes are unable to distinguish between tax planning and tax evasion/avoidance and misinterpret tax laws as intended by the government, whereas the taxpayers think that their money is not being spent appropriately on infrastructure development and sanitation.


It was a pleasure to work with Daphene on my taxes this year. Not only were we able to complete my taxes the same day that I got in contact with her, she also taught me a lot about accounting and taxes in general. As a novice when it comes to preparing tax, Daphene walked me through each part of the tax return, taking her time to explain what each part meant, and answering every single question that I had for her. Even after the preparation concluded, Daphene still reached out to me to let me know that she would be of service if I ever had questions, and continuously updated me with the status of my return. She's definitely a pro who I intend on going back to next year. I HIGHLY recommend her!
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